27 September 2023

Giving up power: Nurturing the leaders of tomorrow

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Marshall Goldsmith* says many leaders are reluctant to take the crucial step of empowering those who might succeed them.

As a manager or leader, do you let your people assume more responsibility when they are able?

Do you know when that is, or do you keep telling yourself that they aren’t ready yet?

In my travels around the world, I talk with thousands of people every year who want to be treated as ‘partners’ rather than as employees.

They want information to flow up as well as down, but usually leaders do not want to give up control.

I knew a chief executive who was the leader of one of the world’s largest global organisations.

He received feedback that he was too stubborn and opinionated.

He learned that he needed to do a better job of letting others make decisions and to focus less on being right himself.

He practiced this simple technique for one year: Before speaking, he would take a breath and ask himself: “Is it worth it?”

He learned that 50 per cent of the time his comments may have been right on, but they weren’t worth it.

He quickly began focusing more on empowering others and letting them take ownership and commitment for decisions, and less on his own need to add value.

Your employees understand their jobs.

They know their tasks, roles, and functions within the organisation, and it’s time for you to let them do what they need to do to get the job done.

There is a critical point that is often missed: It isn’t possible for a leader to ‘empower’ someone to be accountable and make good decisions.

People have to empower themselves.

Your role is to encourage and support the decision-making environment, and to give employees the tools and knowledge they need to make and act upon their own decisions.

By doing this, you help your employees reach an empowered state.

The process does take longer — employees will only believe they are empowered when they are left alone to accomplish results over a period of time — but it’s effective and worth the effort.

If an organisation has a history of shutting down or letting go of initiators, the leader can’t just tell employees: “You are empowered to make decisions.”

Part of building an empowering environment is dependent on the leader’s ability to run interference on behalf of the team.

The leader needs to make sure people are safe doing their jobs.

To make sure this happens, an ongoing discussion of the needs, opportunities, tasks, obstacles, projects, what is working and what is not working is absolutely critical.

You are likely to spend a lot of time in dialogue with other leaders, employees, team members, and peers.

Here are four things successful leaders do to build environments that empower people.

Give power to those who have demonstrated the capacity to handle the responsibility.

Create a favourable environment in which people are encouraged to grow their skills.

Don’t second-guess others’ decisions and ideas unless it’s absolutely necessary.

This only undermines their confidence and keeps them from sharing future ideas with you.

Give people discretion and autonomy over their tasks and resources.

Successful leaders are willing to exercise their leadership in such a way that their people are empowered to make decisions, share information, and try new things.

Most employees who are future leaders see the value in finding empowerment and are willing to take on the responsibilities that come with it.

If future leaders have the wisdom to learn from present leaders, and if present leaders have the wisdom to build an environment that empowers people, both will share in the benefits.

*Marshall Goldsmith is the author or editor of 36 books which have sold more than two million copies, been translated into 30 languages and become bestsellers in 12 countries.

This article first appeared on Marshall’s blogsite.

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